Explicit teaching

Explicit teaching is an instructional strategy used by teachers to meet the needs of their students and engage them in unambiguous, clearly articulated teaching.

Teachers plan for explicit teaching to make clear connections to curriculum content, through a concise focus on the gradual and progressive steps that lead to a student’s development and independent application of knowledge, understanding and skills associated with Australian Curriculum: English content.

Aspects of explicit teaching

The aspects of explicit teaching represented in these vignettes include:

  • focusing instruction on identified curriculum content
  • connecting to prior knowledge and skills when beginning a learning sequence
  • establishing and maintaining clear learning goals and expectations for each lesson
  • teaching and expecting students to use metalanguage in ways that support learning
  • deconstructing and sequencing teaching to focus on the steps that lead to new knowledge, deeper understandings and/or more sophisticated skill
  • describing and modelling concepts and processes clearly, using ‘think aloud’ and examining models and inferior examples
  • varying instruction in response to immediate and reflective feedback
  • asking questions to continually monitor understanding and progress and inform immediate feedback 
  • providing scaffolded learning experiences for students to practise, synthesise and consolidate learning 
  • developing the capability of students to self-regulate and learn independently.

  • Context
  • Australian Curriculum
  • Resources