In this vignette, the Foundation teacher demonstrates how she uses a predictable text to explore sentence construction and the purpose of punctuation.
Using a variety of activities, she illustrates how she uses contexts appropriate to early years learners to ensure they are familiar with the text structure and language features. She then models how to deconstruct and construct the familiar sentences, attending to meaning and punctuation. The students participate in a scaffolded learning experience, creating a sentence by each writing a component and then physically putting the sentence together.
The teacher demonstrates varying instruction in response to immediate feedback and also shows how to create a learning opportunity by addressing an error.
The TeachingACEnglish project was developed by the Department of Education, Training and Employment, Queensland in collaboration with Education Services Australia.
This vignette was filmed at Goondi State School, Queensland.
In the Australian Curriculum: English, the content descriptions in the early stages of schooling focus on developing students’ foundational knowledge of how language works. Students learn about the structures and functions of word- and sentence-level grammar and text patterns and the connections between them. Students also develop a clear, consistent and shared language (metalanguage) for talking about learning.
Across the years of schooling, students learn how texts are structured to achieve particular purposes, how language is used to create texts that are cohesive and coherent, and how texts about more specialised topics contain more complex language patterns and features.
Based on Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) materials.
Understand that punctuation is a feature of written text different from letters; recognise how capital letters are used for names, and that capital letters and full stops signal the beginning and end of sentences (ACELA1432)
Recognise that sentences are key units for expressing ideas (ACELA1435)
Source: Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA). Icon of book
Please note: this resource does not address all focus areas of these standards.
This publication is funded by the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.