In this vignette, the year 4 teacher demonstrates an explicit lesson, focusing on suffixes, to build morphemic spelling knowledge.
The teacher prompts discussion about prior knowledge of suffixes and spelling rules. A familiar text is used to introduce two new suffixes.The class explores their meaning and develops spelling rules. These suffixes become the focus of an activity where the students practise, synthesise and consolidate their learning.
The teacher demonstrates how he encourages students to develop the capability to learn independently by encouraging them to reflect on and record their new morphemic spelling knowledge.
The students discuss in pairs how this knowledge of suffixes and the associated spelling rules will be applied when they spell, write and read. Independently, they record this knowledge and understanding in their spelling journals to refer to when making future spelling decisions or to assist them when determining the meaning of words.
The TeachingACEnglish project was developed by the Department of Education, Training and Employment, Queensland in collaboration with Education Services Australia.
This vignette was filmed at Port Douglas State School, Queensland.
In the Australian Curriculum: English, the content descriptions about spelling knowledge, understanding and skills from Foundation to year 10 appear in the Language strand within the sub-strand of Expressing and developing ideas. They progress from an early focus on sound–letter knowledge, spelling rules and knowledge of irregular spelling; to applying spelling knowledge, such as etymological knowledge, to spell unusual and technical words.
Spelling knowledges include graphophonic, morphemic, visual and etymological knowledge. Development of knowledge and evidence of understanding and skills about spelling knowledge is cumulative across the curriculum, from Foundation, where students learn about using onset and rime to spell words, to the secondary years, where students use knowledge about word origins and nominalisation to spell words.
Based on Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) materials.
Understand how to use strategies for spelling words, including spelling rules, knowledge of morphemic word families, spelling generalisations, and letter combinations including double letters (ACELA1779)
Source: Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA). Icon of book
Please note: this resource does not address all focus areas of these standards.
This publication is funded by the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.